Second Grade Reading Foundational Skills Standards

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Second Grade Reading: Foundational Skills Standards

Phonics and Word Recognition

  • RF.2.3. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
    • Distinguish long and short vowels when reading regularly spelled one-syllable words.
    • Know spelling-sound correspondences for additional common vowel teams.
    • Decode regularly spelled two-syllable words with long vowels.
    • Decode words with common prefixes and suffixes.
    • Identify words with inconsistent but common spelling-sound correspondences.
    • Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.


  • RF.2.4. Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
    • Read grade-level text with purpose and understanding.
    • Read grade-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression.
    • Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.