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First Grade Reading Foundational Skills Standards

First Grade Standards, First Grade Reading Standards, First Grade Foundational Skills Standards, First Grade Reading, Reading Skills, Reading Standards

First Grade Reading: Foundational Skills Standards

Print Concepts

  • RF.1.1. Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.
    • Recognize the distinguishing features of a sentence (e.g., first word, capitalization, ending punctuation).

Phonological Awareness

  • RF.1.2. Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
    • Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words.
    • Orally produce single-syllable words by blending sounds (phonemes), including consonant blends.
    • Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken single-syllable words.
    • Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds (phonemes).

Phonics and Word Recognition

  • RF.1.3. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
    • Know the spelling-sound correspondences for common consonant digraphs (two letters that represent one sound).
    • Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.
    • Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.
    • Use knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word.
    • Decode two-syllable words following basic patterns by breaking the words into syllables.
    • Read words with inflectional endings.
    • Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.


  • RF.1.4. Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
    • Read grade-level text with purpose and understanding.
    • Read grade-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression.
    • Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.